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Key developments, events and changes relating to the York to Scarborough railway line and Castle Howard Station. Click on the links in the right-hand column for more in-depth text or relevant online content.

More specific information about incidents that occurred at the Station or nearby can be found on the ‘Newspaper Reports’ page. This page contains published articles dating from 1845 extracted from press archives.

HistoryTimeline

Year

Precise Date

Event

Images

More information

1839

19 October

Proposal for a railway between York and Scarborough

Idea put forward at a public meeting at Scarborough Town Hall, addressed by George Hudson and George Stephenson. Scheme approved by the York & North Midland Railway but deferred in favour of advancing progress on the Darlington to Newcastle line.

George Hudson George Stephenson
George Hudson (left) and George Stephenson (right)
Source: Project Gutenburg

George Hudson

George Stephenson

York to Scarborough Railway

1845

7 July

York to Scarborough railway line opens.

All stations and railway properties were designed by respected architect George Townsend Andrews. Due to the noble residence of the same name, Castle Howard Station received special attention by Andrews to create with elaborate Italianate styling, one of the most imposing station buildings on the line.

Castle Howard by Railway

One of the most imposing station buildings on the line.

First day of the new railway

1850

27 August

Queen Victoria and Prince Albert arrive by train at Castle Howard Station

The Royal party stay at Castle Howard at the invitation of the Earl of Carlisle. The visit attracted many loyal subjects to see their Queen and the event was well documented by the Illustrated London News. Two days later the Queen continued her journey north by train to officially open the new Newcastle Central Station and the Royal Borders Bridge at Berwick.

Queen Victoria Train

Engraving illustrating the arrival of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Castle Howard Station in August 1850.

Source: Illustrated London News

Fares & Timetable 1848 - 1850

Queen Victoria's visit to Castle Howard

Extract from The Illustrated London News – August 1850

1854

North Eastern Railway (NER)

An amalgamation of smaller companies and individual lines into a single railway company, which had a near monopoly in Yorkshire, County Durham and Northumberland. NER controlled principle stations at York and Newcastle and a crucial section of the east coast main line.

North Eastern Railway

North Eastern Railway

The North Eastern Railway
Its Rise and Development [Book]

Passenger numbers 1870

1923

1 January

London and North Eastern Railway (LNER)

As part of the grouping under the Railways Act 1921, the LNER was created to become the largest railway company in Britain, controlling a total route of 6,590 miles, including the east coast main line from London to Scotland.

LNER poster

London and North Eastern Railway

1930

22 September

Castle Howard Station closes to passenger traffic

Scarborough’s popularity as a seaside destination, increases the demand for greater numbers of fast excursion express trains. To facilitate the need for faster trains, all but a few major stations on the York to Scarborough line close to passenger traffic, although Castle Howard Station is still operated for local freight movements.

Scarborough Railway Poster

Boom in rail travel to Scarborough

Passenger numbers 1900 - 1934

1930s

Waiting shed let as a holiday cottage

After the station closure the redundant wooden waiting shed on the up platform to York is let as a holiday cottage. For the next twenty years or more the holiday cottage was popular with families that wanted to explore the surrounding countryside including nearby Kirkham Priory and Castle Howard. Photograph shows a happy family from Sunderland holidaying at Castle Howard Station during the 1950's.

Railway Waiting Shed

© Ken Hoole

 

1948

1 January

British Railways formed under nationalisation of railways

The York to Scarborough line is now part of British Railways North Eastern Region.

Castle Howard Station

© myrailwaystation.com

British Railways

1959

2 November

Station finally closes to freight traffic

Twenty nine years after passenger services ceased at Castle Howard Station, all freight workings came to an end. For 114 years the station has served the needs of farmers, merchants, the ordinary travelling public, nobility and even Royalty.

Castle Howard Station Freight

© myrailwaystation.com

Freight working at Castle Howard Station

1960

Station signal box decommissioned and platforms removed

Now that the freight siding was no longer in use the signal box was decommissioned in 1960. In the following February, the up platform to York was removed completely. On the station building side the platform was greatly reduced in length and width, although a small section remains today to allow access to the building on its' line side.

Castle Howard Signal Box

© M. A. King

 

1961

7 March

End of steam train on the York to Scarborough line ... or was it!

Diesel multiple units replace steam trains for almost all regular passenger services between York & Scarborough. However, some freight, parcels and special excursion trains on the line continued to be powered by steam up until 1967.

BRCW 3 car set at York

A BRCW 3-car set under York station's distinctive arched roof, awaits departure to Scarborough.

© David Hey

David Hey's collection o steam and diesel motive power at York during the 1950's and 1960's

1964

10 July

Castle Howard Station sold by British Railways

The station buildings are sold for a sum of £1,000 by the British Railways Board to Mr Raymond Hodgson, a railway inspector. Rights of access are retained by the board via the station gate for track maintenance purposes.

Railway Convayence

 

1970

Station administered by trust

On the death of the former owner, the station was left in trust. During a period of around nine years, the property was unoccupied.

Castle Howard Railway Station

© M. A. King

1979

Station sold by trust

The new private owner Mrs M. D. Collings, who commenced with vital renovation works after the building had suffered years of neglect, and permanently closed the crossing gate.

 

1979

Station signal box demolished

British Rail demolish the redundant signal box on the south-east side of the track.

York to Scarborough Signal Box

 

1983

10 July

Evening Star locomotive pulls Scarborough Spa steam special

In 1981 British Rail started regular mainline steam-hauled summer specials between York and Scarborough. Countless numbers of famous locomotives have visited the line, including the ‘Evening Star’, the last mainline steam locomotive built by British Railways.

Evening Star Castle Howard

Evening Star passes Castle Howard Station on route to Scarborough.

© Ray King

 

1986

Station sold to present owner

Station purchased by present owner, Mr Edmund Collins. As well as residing at Castle Howard Station, Edmund also moves his vet practice to the station from nearby Welburn. Station House Vets continued to operate from this site until 2006, when it returned to Welburn and a new purpose-built premises.

Castle Howard by train

 

2004

Report published by Yorkshire Vernacular Buildings Study Group

By studying Castle Howard Station in great detail, and using documentary and oral evidence from a variety of sources, the Yorkshire Vernacular Buildings Study Group published an in-depth 61 page report recording the architectural features of the building.

The report is available for viewing and download from this page.

Railway station drawing

Yorkshire Vernacular Building Report

Yorkshire Vernacular Buildings Study Group

2004
2005

Flying Scotsman – Giants of Steam

During the summer months of 2004 and 2005, the famous Flying Scotsman locomotive made regular runs between York and Scarborough as part of the ‘Giants of Steam’ railtours, organised by the National Railway Museum. The Flying Scotsman is currently being rebuilt in York.

Flying Scotsman at York

cooldudeandy01 [flickr.com]

Royal Scotsman Website

National Railway Museum

2008

4 November

Tornado’s first mainline run

For the first time since 1960 a brand new steam locomotive runs on the UK mainline. As part of its trials, the newly-built A1 class Tornado makes a return journey from York to Scarborough.

Tornado in York

stanmarston [flickr.com]

A1 Steam Locomotive Trust

Telegraph (online article)

2009

Castle Howard Station online

New website opens to serve virtual passengers embarking upon a journey of discovery to find out more about this unique station.

Station history website

 
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